The overall strategic objective of the KRCS Water and Sanitation Department is to contribute to the improvement of community livelihoods. The department seeks to attain this by aligning itself so as to continuously contribute to the achievement of the Millennium Development Goal 7, Target 7c, which is to “Halve, by 2015, the proportion of people without sustainable access to safe drinking-water and basic sanitation”. The WHO/UNICEF Joint Monitoring Programme (JMP) 2010 Report for Water Supply and Sanitation confirms that advances continue to be made towards greater access to safe drinking-water while progress in relation to access to basic sanitation is insufficient to achieve the Millennium Development Goal 7 target 7c. In response to this, the department seeks to take a strategic focus in its programming by scaling up access to basic sanitation in line with MDG definition of improved sanitation as well as hygiene promotion in the year 2012. In doing so, the department will be aligning itself to the Ministry of Public Health and Sanitation National Strategy for Environmental Sanitation and Hygiene (2010-2015). Further to this, in 2012, the department will focus on piloting a unique hygiene promotion model using an integrated approach by combining aspects of Participatory Hygiene and Sanitation Transformation (PHAST) and Community Led Total Sanitation (CLTS) methodologies targeted at rural pastoralist communities of Isiolo, Samburu East and Garbatulla districts. This will be carried out under the recently funded Isiolo EU WatSan project. The CLTS approach will be used to trigger the community in order to enhance uptake of construction of latrines and their usage among these targeted pastoralist communities whose latrine coverage is as low as 22% (Isiolo EU WatSan Project Baseline Survey, 2010). The PHAST approach envisages providing constructive and effective elements that reinforce and stimulate key behaviour practices, enabling the community to achieve and sustain positive hygiene behaviour in the long-term. Further, the department will pilot the establishment of model homes in these rural pastoralist communities through this project. The model homes will be strategically located throughout the villages so that their actions and behaviours are felt and emulated in all sections of the villages.