Malaria is responsible for 30% of outpatient consultations, 19% of Hospital admissions and 3–5% of inpatient deaths. Over 70% of Kenya’s population live in malaria prone areas (National Malaria Strategy 2009 - 2017). The current country focus on malaria is to guarantee all people access to quick and effective treatment, significantly reduce illness and death from malaria, provide malaria prevention measures and treatment to pregnant women, and promote use of insecticidetreated nets.
Globally, the RC/RC is a major contributor to malaria prevention and control especially in Advocacy, Communication and Social Mobilisation (ACSM) and LLIN promotion. Through the Home Management of Malaria (HMM) Project, KRCS has made various contributions to current policy on Community Case Management (CCM) and illustrated key areas of focus in CCM including the use of RDTs at community level. KRCS has also conducted various ACSM projects in malaria with focus on improving LLINs use as well as behaviour change. KRCS’ focus in 2012 includes strengthening access to quick and effective treatment through HMM and ACSM.
Home Management Of Malaria
In 2010, the Ministry of Public Health and Sanitation (MoPHS) partnered with KRCS to set up a Home Management of Malaria project in 113 villages in two districts that are remote and with difficult terrain, and both of which have a high malaria burden, high poverty rates and little access to public health facilities. KRCS provided the volunteers and the MoPHS providing supervision using mostly public health officers from local health facilities. The project was carefully monitored in order to measure results. Volunteers were trained in rigourous record-keeping to inform the research. To do this, volunteer members of the communities were trained to recognise fever and to administer treatment to children under five years of age and to advise on follow-up treatment and prevention.